In 1492 the inquisition began and with it Spanish and Portuguese Jewry were forced to convert or fled to distant lands. Many ended up in the new world and as the Inquisition spread to the new Spanish and Portuguese colonies these Jews became even more hidden. These Jews became known as Anousim
Now Reconectar, headed by Ashley Perry is dedicated to linking up the nearly 100 million descendents of Spanish and Portuguese Jewry with an aim of bringing 1.5 million eligable descendents to Israel. Below is an excellent video about the intitiative.